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[休斯敦社區資訊]

人口普查局發布新的美國社區調查五年估計

作者:世界名人網記者Alex Wang報道
錄入于 December 10, 2020 at 08:02:13:
世界名人網訊 2020年10月10日-今天美國人口普查局發布了新的5年統計數據。來自2015-2019年美國社區調查(ACS)的數據將首次允許用戶比較三個非重疊的5年數據集:2005-2009年,2010-2014年和2015-2019年。分析單獨的數據集的能力對於識別小型社區和地區的趨勢非常重要,這對於規劃未來的投資和服務至關重要。

美國社區調查辦公室主任Donna Daily說:“該版本標誌著ACS計劃的重要里程碑,該計劃為社區提供了過去15年的有關人,地方和經濟的詳細信息!睌祿谷珖鞯氐难芯咳藛T和領導者能夠分析長期趨勢,從而在全國各地創造出強大的社區形象!

ACS是美國和波多黎各每個社區各個級別的大,小區域社會經濟和人口統計數據的全國領先來源。 ACS數據為公職人員,社區領導人,企業主,研究人員和其他人員提供了詳細的信息,可幫助他們規劃未來。以下是此版本中有關教育,房屋所有權,收入和貧困的要點。

教育

具有學士學位或更高學歷的總人口比例在2005-2009年與2010-2014年之間增長了約1.8個百分點,在2010-2014年與2015-2019年之間增長了2.8個百分點。

從2005-2009年到2015-2019年,所有種族的擁有學士學位的人的百分比都在增加。在2015-2019年,僅亞洲人的學士學位獲得率最高(54.3%),其次是非西班牙裔的白人。

從2005-2009年到2015-2019年,美國有57.7%的縣擁有學士學位的比例有所增加。

在2015-2019年,美國東北地區的縣擁有學士學位的比例高於該國所有其他地區,並且在2005-2009年至2015-2019年之間,擁有學士學位的百分比增幅最高人口普查地區。

房產權

在2005-2009年至2010-2014年間,十二個州和哥倫比亞特區的房屋擁有率下降了50.0%或以上。這些州包括亞利桑那州,加利福尼亞州,康涅狄格州,特拉華州,佛羅里達州,馬里蘭州,馬薩諸塞州,新罕布什爾州,新澤西州,紐約州,俄勒岡州和羅德島州。

在2010-2014年至2015-2019年期間,有18個州的房屋擁有量有所增加,而房屋擁有量卻有所下降。

在2010-2014年至2015-2019年期間,有2447個縣的房屋擁有率沒有統計學上的顯著變化。

收入

2015-2019年美國家庭收入中位數為62,843美元。在2005-2009年至2015-2019年期間,美國的實際家庭收入中位數增長了2.3%?傮w而言,在2005-2009年至2015-2019年之間,大多數縣(2,094)的家庭收入中位數沒有統計學上的顯著變化,而303個縣的家庭收入中位數減少了,而741個縣的數量增加了。

非西班牙裔白人家庭在2005-2009年至2015-2019年間的家庭收入中位數增長了3%,從66,767美元增至68,785美元。對於非西班牙裔白人家庭,大多數縣(2,174個)在2005-2009年至2015-2019年之間沒有統計學上的顯著變化。家庭收入中位數在735個縣中增加,而在223個縣中減少。

在2005-2009年至2015-2019年期間,黑人家庭的家庭收入中位數增長了1.9%,從41,144美元增至41,935美元。同期,黑人家庭的中位數收入變化在1,475個縣中沒有統計學意義。增加了217個縣,減少了148個縣。

在2005-2009年至2015-2019年期間,亞裔家庭的家庭收入中位數增長了7.9%,從81,772美元增至88,204美元。在2005-2009年和2015-2019年之間,1,024個縣的亞洲家庭中位數收入在統計上沒有差異,而在165個縣中有所增加,在62個縣中有所減少。

西班牙裔或拉丁裔家庭的家庭收入中位數在2005-2009年至2015-2019年期間增長了5.9%,從48,909美元增至51,811美元。在1,860個縣的2005-2009年至2015-2019年期間,西班牙裔家庭的收入中位數沒有統計學上的顯著變化。西班牙裔家庭增加了369個縣,減少了142個縣。

貧窮

從2015年到2019年,美國ACS的五年總體貧困率為13.4%。從2005-2009年到2015-2019年,美國的總體貧困率變化在統計上並不顯著,但是429個縣的貧困率上升了,409個縣的貧困率下降了,而2,300個縣的貧困率沒有明顯變化。

從2005-2009年到2010-2014年,美國的總貧困率從13個增加。

5%至15.6%。在此期間,貧困率在1,051個縣中上升,在136個縣中下降,在1,951個縣中沒有顯著變化。

從2010-2014年到2015-2019年,總體貧困率從15.6%下降到13.4%。在此期間,貧困率在99個縣中有所增加,在1,072個縣中有所減少,在1,967個縣中沒有顯著變化。

總體而言,從2005-2009年到2015-2019年,生活在貧困地區的美國人口百分比下降了0.2個百分點,貧困人口定義為貧困率20%或更高的人口普查區。生活在貧困地區的人口百分比在25個州有所增加,在23個州和哥倫比亞特區有所下降,而在兩個州則沒有太大變化。

數據可視化工具和出版物

交互式數據可視化,您可以從“美國社區調查”中學到哪些縣信息?允許用戶瀏覽有關該縣的主要統計數據。還提供了有關收入,貧困和教育的交互式地圖,使用戶可以在不重疊的5年ACS版本中探索趨勢並按縣和種族分類分析模式。

除了新的可視化之外,簡要介紹了按種族和西班牙裔劃分的家庭收入:2005-2009年和2015-2019年以及隨著時間的推移貧困率和貧困地區的變化:2005年至2019年,探討了15年期間收入和貧困的變化。 “美國房屋所有權:2005年至2019年”和“美國學士學位:2005年至2019年”將在不久的將來發布。

關於ACS

ACS是有關我們國家的詳細人口和住房信息的主要來源,與十年一次的人口普查相比,它提供了更多有關美國社區的數據。它在美國和波多黎各的年樣本量約為350萬個地址,包括住房單位和團體宿舍。

從2006年開始,針對人口超過65,000的地理區域,每年都會發布ACS的1年估算。從2010年開始,每年都會發布ACS的5年估算,適用於所有低至區塊組級別的地區。 ACS的1年和5年估計是周期估計,代表在特定時間間隔(分別為12個月和60個月)內收集的數據。如果沒有隨機選擇的家庭參與調查,這些統計數據將是不可能的。

因為這是基於人口樣本而不是整個人口普查的調查,所以ACS會產生帶有抽樣誤差的估計。為了幫助數據用戶,美國人口普查局針對每個估算值計算並發布了抽樣誤差的度量標準(誤差幅度)。

可在人口普查局的主要數據發布平臺data.census.gov上獲得2015-2019 ACS的5年估算。有關如何使用data.census.gov的更多信息,請訪問參考資料頁面。有關將2015-2019 ACS統計數據與往年和其他調查進行比較的指南,請訪問census.gov。有關ACS的信息,請訪問www.census.gov/acs。

新聞資料袋
美國人口變化

CENSUS BUREAU RELEASES NEW AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY 5-YEAR ESTIMATES

DEC. 10, 2020 — Today the U.S. Census Bureau released new 5-year statistics. For the first time, data from the 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS) will allow users to compare three nonoverlapping sets of 5-year data: 2005-2009, 2010-2014 and 2015-2019. The ability to analyze separate datasets is important for identifying trends for small communities and geographies which is critical for planning future investments and services.

"This release marks an important milestone for the ACS program, which has provided communities with detailed information about people, places and the economy for the last 15 years,” said Donna Daily, Chief, American Community Survey Office. “Having three sets of nonoverlapping data allows researchers and leaders across the country to analyze long-term trends, creating a powerful image of communities across the nation.”

The ACS is the nation’s leading source of large and small area socioeconomic and demographic statistics for all levels of geography for every community in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. ACS data provides public officials, community leaders, business owners, researchers and others with detailed information helping them to plan for the future. Below are highlights from this release on the topics of education, homeownership, income and poverty. 

Education

The percentage of the total population with a bachelor’s degree or higher increased by about 1.8 percentage points between 2005-2009 and 2010-2014, and 2.8 percentage points between 2010-2014 and 2015-2019.

From 2005-2009 to 2015-2019, the percentage of people with a bachelor’s degree increased for all race groups. For 2015-2019, Asian alone had the highest rate of bachelor’s degree attainment (54.3%), followed by White alone, non-Hispanic.

57.7% of counties in the United States saw increases in the percentage of people with bachelor’s degrees from 2005-2009 to 2015-2019. 

Counties in the Northeast region of the United States had a higher percentage of people with bachelor’s degrees than all other regions in the country for 2015-2019 as well as the highest percentage point increase in bachelor’s degree attainment from 2005-2009 to 2015-2019 among census regions.

Homeownership

Twelve states and the District of Columbia had a decrease in homeownership rates in 50.0% or more of their counties between 2005-2009 and 2010-2014. These states include Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon and Rhode Island.

Between 2010-2014 and 2015-2019, 18 states had more counties that had an increase in homeownership compared to a decline.

Between 2010-2014 and 2015-2019, 2,447 counties saw no statistically significant change in homeownership rates.

Income

The U.S. median household income for 2015-2019 was $62,843. Real median household income in the United States increased 2.3% between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019. Overall, between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019, most counties (2,094) did not have a statistically significant change in median household income while 303 counties experienced a decrease and 741 had an increase.

Non-Hispanic White householders experienced an increase of 3% in median household income between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019, from $66,767 to $68,785. Most counties (2,174) did not have a statistically significant change between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 for non-Hispanic White households. Median household income increased in 735 counties and decreased in 223 counties.

Median household income for Black householders increased 1.9% between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019, from $41,144 to $41,935. Over the same period, the change in median income for Black households was not statistically significant in 1,475 counties. There was an increase in 217 counties and a decrease in 148 counties.

Households with Asian householders had an increase of 7.9% in median income between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019, from $81,772 to $88,204. Median income for Asian households was not statistically different between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 in 1,024 counties, while it increased in 165 counties and decreased in 62 counties.

Median household income for Hispanic or Latino householders increased 5.9% between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019, from $48,909 to $51,811. There was no statistically significant change in median income between 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 for Hispanic households in 1,860 counties. Hispanic households experienced an increase in 369 counties and a decrease in 142 counties.

Poverty

The overall U.S. 5-year ACS poverty rate from 2015-2019 was 13.4%. From 2005-2009 to 2015-2019, the change in the overall poverty rate in the United States was not statistically significant but poverty rates increased in 429 counties, decreased in 409 counties, and did not change significantly in 2,300 counties.

From 2005-2009 to 2010-2014, the overall poverty rate in the United States increased from 13.5% to 15.6%. During this time, the poverty rate increased in 1,051 counties, decreased in 136 counties, and did not change significantly in 1,951 counties.

From 2010-2014 to 2015-2019, the overall poverty rate decreased from 15.6% to 13.4%. During this time period, the poverty rate increased in 99 counties, decreased in 1,072 counties, and did not change significantly in 1,967 counties.

Overall, from 2005-2009 to 2015-2019, the percentage of people in the United States living in poverty areas, which are defined as census tracts with poverty rates of 20 percent or higher, decreased by 0.2 percentage points. The percentage of people living in poverty areas, increased in 25 states, decreased in 23 states and the District of Columbia, and did not change significantly in two states.

Data Visualization Tools and Publications

https://www.census.gov/library/visualizations/interactive/acs-counties-2019.html

The interactive data visualization, What can you learn about counties from the American Community Survey? allows users to explore key statistics about the nation’s counties. Interactive maps on income, poverty and education are also available, which allow users to explore trends and analyze patterns by race and ethnicity at the county level over the nonoverlapping 5-year ACS releases.

In addition to the new visualizations, the briefs Household Income by Race and Hispanic Origin: 2005-2009 and 2015-2019 and Changes in Poverty Rates and Poverty Areas Over Time: 2005 to 2019 explore changes in income and poverty over the 15-year period. “Homeownership in the United States: 2005 to 2019” and “Bachelor's Degree Attainment in the United States: 2005 to 2019” will be released in the near future.

https://www.census.gov/content/census/en/library/publications/2020/acs/acsbr19-07.html

https://www.census.gov/content/census/en/library/publications/2020/acs/acsbr20-08.html

About the ACS

The ACS is the premier source for detailed population and housing information about our nation, allowing for more frequent data on America’s communities than the decennial census. It has an annual sample size of about 3.5 million addresses across the U.S. and Puerto Rico and includes both housing units and group quarters.

Beginning in 2006, ACS 1-year estimates have been released annually for geographic areas with populations of 65,000 and greater. Beginning in 2010, ACS 5-year estimates have been released annually for all geographies down to the block-group level. ACS 1-year and 5-year estimates are period estimates that represent data collected within particular intervals of time — 12 months and 60 months, respectively. These statistics would not be possible without the participation of the randomly selected households in the survey.

Because it is a survey based on a sample of the population rather than a census of the entire population, the ACS produces estimates with sampling error. To aid data users, the Census Bureau calculates and publishes a measure of the sampling error --— the margin of error — for every estimate.

The 2015-2019 ACS 5-year estimates are available on data.census.gov, the Census Bureau’s primary data dissemination platform. For more information on how to use data.census.gov, visit the resources page. For guidance on comparing 2015-2019 ACS statistics with previous years and other surveys, visit census.gov. For information on the ACS, visit www.census.gov/acs.

Press Kit
Changes In America’s Demographic

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